India has tremendous potential for generating electricity. India is considered as 3rd largest producer and 3rd largest consumer of electricity in the world. In spite of having surplus power generation and capacity, India lacks in its transmission and distribution of electricity.
In order to counter this problem of transmission, many power companies are coming up in the Country.
In this article, we will be discussing the top 10 power generation and distribution companies in India.
Top 10 Power Generation and Distribution Companies In India
1. NTPC Ltd
National Thermal Power Corporation Limited was founded in 1975 owned by the Indian Government and run and managed by the Ministry of Power, GOI. It is headquartered in New Delhi. It mainly deals in the generation and distribution of electricity to the state-owned companies in India. Subsidiaries of NTPC are North Eastern Electric Power Corporation Limited (NEPCL), THDC India Ltd, NSPCL. NTPC is also indulging in ventures into oil and gas exploration in the country. NTPC also deals in Coal mining. In 2010 NTPC was awarded the MAHARATNA status by the Union Government. NTPC right now has a capacity of 62,110 MW across the country.
2. Power Grid Corporation of India Ltd.
POWER GRID Corporation was founded in the year 1989 by the Indian Government. It is run and managed by the Ministry of Power, GOI. Headquartered in Gurugram, India. POWERGRID basically deals with the transmission of bulk power to different states of the country. It was established by the Indian Government in order to operate and manage high voltage currents with safety.
It was recognized as Mini-Ratna in 1998. In 2008 status was changed to Navratna and in recent times it is recognized as the status of Maharatna.
3. Adani Greens Energy Ltd.
Adani Greens Energy Ltd was founded in 2015 by Gautam Adani. It is headquartered in Ahmedabad, India. It is a part of the Adani Group. The name itself suggests that this company deals in green energy. This Power company basically deals in the generation and distribution of Renewable energy. This company runs one of the largest solar photovoltaic plants in the world which is the Kamuthi Solar Power Project. At present times the company is running in 11 states of the country with 46 operational projects.
4. Adani Transmission Ltd.
Adani Transmission Ltd Was incorporated into service in the country in the year 2015 by Gautam Adani. It is headquartered in Ahmedabad, Gujrat. They deal in the transmission and distribution of electricity in the country. It is the largest private electricity transmission company in the country. It is a part of the Adani Group.
5. NHPC Ltd.
National Hydroelectric Power Corporation was incorporated in 1975 by the Indian Government. It is run and managed by the Ministry of Power, GOI. It is headquartered in Faridabad, Haryana. It was established by the Indian Government keeping the objective to plan, promote and organize an integrated and efficient development of hydroelectric power. But in recent times they are also dealing in other energy sources such as solar, tidal, geothermal, Wind. NHPC also holds the status of Mini Ratna Category-1. It is 4th in our list of top 10 power generation and distribution companies in India.
6. Tata Power Ltd.
Tata Power Ltd was founded by Dorabji Tata in 1919. It is headquartered in Mumbai. Tata Power Ltd is a Mumbai-based electric utility company. It is considered the largest integrated electric power company in the country having a total generation capacity of 10,577 MW. They basically deal in Electricity generation and distribution. This company is providing its services in other countries too including Singapore, South Africa, Indonesia, Bhutan. It has a total of 35 operation locations in India.
7. Torrent Power Ltd.
Torrent Power Ltd was incorporated in 1996 as a Public company. It is headquartered in Ahmedabad, India. They focus on sales, distribution, and generation of electricity. They also indulged in the generation of power from wind. It is one of the largest private sector power generating companies in India. It is a part of Torrent Group. This company has an approximately generating capacity of 3879 MW.
8. Adani Power Ltd.
Adani Power was incorporated in 1996. It is an Indian Conglomerate company. Its parent company is Adani Group. It is headquartered in Ahmedabad, Gujrat. They deal in sale, distribution, and generation of electricity. Adani Power Ltd was started as a power trading company. Some of their Power Stations are Kawai Thermal Power Station, Mundra Thermal Power Station, Tiroda Thermal Power Station.
9. SJVN Ltd
SJVN Ltd was incorporated in the year 1988 as a private limited company. This company basically deals in Hydroelectric Power. It was established as a joint venture. It was tied up with the Indian government in order to develop and operate the Nathpa Jhakri Hydro Power station (NJHPS). Through this project, this company of Himachal Pradesh gained experience and expertise much more in the field of operating and developing hydroelectric power. It is one of the top 10 power generation and distribution companies in India.
10. JSW Energy Ltd
It is a public company founded in the year 1994 and headquartered in Mumbai, Maharashtra. It is a part of a well-established JSW group. JSW Energy deals in electricity generation and transmission, Hydroelectricity, Energy trading, Coal Mining, Power plant equipment manufacturing. In recent times JSW has a total operational generating capacity of 5681 MW of electricity. Some of their Power stations are JSW Vijayanagar Power Station, JSW Ratnagiri Power Station, JSW Barmer Power Station.